Cervical Spinal Stenosis is a common condition which causes narrowing of the spinal canal and the openings where the nerve roots exit the spine. The narrowing can cause compression and irritability of the nerve roots, which can in turn cause pain in the region of the narrowing as well as pain, numbness, or tingling radiating into the shoulder, arm, or hand called Cervical Radiculopathy.
Spinal stenosis most commonly affects the lower back (lumbar spine), but can also be seen in the neck (cervical spine). Common causes of spinal stenosis include thickened spinal ligaments, Degenerative Disc Disease, Herniated/Bulging Disc, and excess growth of bone around the spinal nerves from Facet Joint Arthritis. In some cases, a person is born with a small spinal canal that does not provide enough room for the spinal nerves, called congenital stenosis.
Conservative treatment options for spinal stenosis include physical therapy, medications, and cervical epidural steroid injections.