Myofascial Pain Syndrome is a common condition that is caused by injury or damage to the fascia, which is the soft stretchy connective tissue which surrounds the muscles. While the underlying mechanism for this condition is still unknown, common triggers include overuse of the muscles or muscle spasms. It may also be seen in conjunction with other disorders such as depression or fibromyalgia.
This syndrome is often accompanied by “trigger points”. Trigger points are painful knots of spastic muscle that develop under the skin. They are generally felt under the fingers as taut bands that are tender to the touch, and can cause pain in other regions of the body called “referred pain”.
Treatment options for Myofascial Pain Syndrome include physical therapy, massage, medications, and trigger point injections with anesthetics, steroids, and botulinum toxin (Botox).